Je krijgt hulp als het nodig is en je hebt de kans om naast je gewone lessen een heleboel andere mooie dingen te doen. The monument on his tomb was originally very modest, but it was replaced in 1623 by a new one, made by Hendrik de Keyser and his son Pieter. Anna van Buren In 1551 trouwde de 18-jarige Willem met de even oude Anna van Buren (ook wel Anna van Egmond). On 24 September 1577, he made his triumphal entry into Brussels, the capital. William married for the third time on 24 April 1575 to Charlotte de Bourbon-Monpensier, a former French nun, who was also popular with the public. Name in native language. [7] A stadtholdership over Franche-Comté followed in 1561. She converted to Roman Catholicism and entered a convent in 1593. On 22 July 1581, the Staten Generaal declared that they no longer recognised Philip II of Spain as their ruler, in the Act of Abjuration. 10 iulie 1584) s-a născut la Dillenburg făcând parte din Casa de Nassau, ca și conte de Nassau . His new wife, Anna of Saxony, was tumultuous, and it is generally assumed that William married her to gain more influence in Saxony, Hesse and the Palatinate. He did not arrive until 10 February 1582, when he was officially welcomed by William in Flushing. William bought it as it gave him two more votes in the States of Zeeland. [11] The couple had two sons and three daughters. Because Albertine Agnes, a daughter of Frederick Henry, married William Frederik of Nassau-Dietz, the present royal house of the Netherlands is descended from William the Silent through the female line. Mai 1932 zur niederländischen Nationalhymne erklärt wurde. On 25 August 1561, William of Orange married for the second time. On 29 September 1580, the Staten Generaal (with the exception of Zeeland and Holland) signed the Treaty of Plessis-les-Tours with the Duke of Anjou. A nun. William was initially opposed to the Union, as he still hoped to unite all provinces. The son of Frederick Henry, William II of Orange succeeded his father as stadtholder, as did his son, William III of Orange. He remained popular with the public, in part through an extensive propaganda campaign conducted through pamphlets. Wilhelm Oranien, Prinz, 1626-1650 1626-1650. This formal declaration of independence enabled the Duke of Anjou to come to the aid of the resisters. The prince had already sought French assistance on several occasions, and this time he managed to gain the support of Francis, Duke of Anjou, brother of King Henry III of France. William himself then advanced with his own army and marched into several cities in the south, including Roermond and Leuven. William I Frederick, born Willem Frederik Prins van Oranje-Nassau (The Hague, 24 August 1772 - Berlin, 12 December 1843), was a Prince of Orange and the first King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg. His great-grandson William III and II, King of England, Scotland and Ireland, and Stadtholder in the Netherlands, was buried in Westminster Abbey. William the Silent was born on April 24, 1533 in Dillenburg, Giessen, Hesse, Germany. He was subsequently declared an outlaw, and his properties were confiscated. Frederick Henry died on 14 March 1647 and is buried with his father William "The Silent" in Nieuwe Kerk, Delft. This made William the predominant member of the States of Zeeland. Following the Beeldenstorm, unrest in the Netherlands grew, and Margaret agreed to grant the wishes of the Confederacy, provided the noblemen would help to restore order. William married for the third time on 24 April 1575 to Charlotte de Bourbon-Montpensier, a former French nun, who was also popular with the public, although less so with the Catholic faction. [17] William made several more plans to invade in the next few years, but little came of them, since he lacked support and money. Johanna van Polanen aus Breda heiratet im Jahr 1403 den deutschen Engelbrecht I. von Nassau-Dillenburg. William the Silent (24 April 1533 – 10 July 1584), also known as William the Taciturn (translated from Dutch: Willem de Zwijger),[1][2] or William of Orange (Dutch: Willem van Oranje), was the main leader of the Dutch Revolt against the Spanish Habsburgs that set off the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) and resulted in the formal independence of the United Provinces in 1581. As the Dutch title indicates, this series chronicles magnificently the life of William I "the Silent" of Orange, who grew up with his Lutheran family … The national colour of the Netherlands is orange, and it is used, among other things, in the clothing of Dutch athletes. But the Prince, subtle and adroit as he was, answered the good King in such a way as to leave him still under the impression that he, the Prince, knew all about the scheme proposed by Alba; and on this understanding the King revealed all the details of the plan which had been arranged between the King of Spain and himself for the rooting out and rigorous punishment of the heretics, from the lowest to the highest rank, and in this service the Spanish troops were to be mainly employed. (My God, have pity on my soul; my God, have pity on this poor people). William then added the shield of Veere and Buren to his arms as shown in the third coat of arms below. Allegorie op de dood van Willem V, prins van Oranje, 1806 Monument Ter Gedachtenis van zijne Doorlugtige Hoogheid Willem den Vijfden, Prince van Oranje en Nassau (..) (titel op object), RP-P-OB-65.648.jpg 5,408 × 7,296; 7.47 MB De plek waar een moord is gepleegd noem je de 'plaats delict'. "Wilhelmus van Nassouwe", usually known just as "Wilhelmus", is the national anthem of the Netherlands. After failed peace negotiations in Breda in 1575, the war continued. Gérard fled immediately. William sent Gérard back to France to pass the seal on to his French allies. Lees meer . Born into the House of Nassau, he became Prince of Orange in 1544 and is thereby the founder of the Orange-Nassau branch and the ancestor of the [14] Led by his brother Louis, the army invaded the northern Netherlands in 1568. The most common one relates to his prudence in regard to a conversation with Henry II, the king of France. But after his return from France, a change began to come over William. Willem van Oranje is vermoord in zijn eigen huis, het Prinsenhof in Delft. [5] It was in November of the same year (1555) that the gout-afflicted Emperor Charles leaned on William's shoulder during the ceremony when he abdicated the Low Countries in favour of his son, Philip II of Spain. In the meantime, William and his supporters were looking for foreign support. See House of Orange for a more extensive overview. The Duke of Anjou was not very popular with the population. She also allowed more important noblemen, including William of Orange, to assist the Confederacy, and William went to Antwerp where he succeeded in quelling the riot. Wilhelm (II.) He served in the army of the governor of Luxembourg, Peter Ernst I von Mansfeld-Vorderort, for two years, hoping to get close to William when the armies met. In 1582, William purchased the marquisate of Veere and Vlissingen in Zeeland. On 6 July 1551, William married Anna, daughter and heir of Maximiliaan van Egmond, an important Dutch nobleman, a match that had been secured by Charles V.[3] Anna's father had died in 1548, and therefore William became Lord of Egmond and Count of Buren upon his wedding day. They had a son, Justinus van Nassau (1559–1631), whom William acknowledged. Between his first and second marriages, William had an extramarital affair with Eva Elincx. [3], Up to 1564, any criticism of governmental measures voiced by William and the other members of the opposition had ostensibly been directed at Granvelle; however, after the latter's departure early that year, William, who may have found increasing confidence in his alliance with the Protestant princes of Germany following his second marriage,[12] began to openly criticize the King's anti-Protestant politics. Willem (slot Dillenburg, 24 april 1533 – Delft, 10 juli 1584), prins van Oranje, graaf van Nassau-Dillenburg, beter bekend als Willem van Oranje of onder zijn bijnaam Willem de Zwijger en in Nederland vaak Vader des vaderlands genoemd, was aanvankelijk stadhouder (plaatsvervanger) voor … Many of the Dutch national symbols can be traced back to William of Orange: There are several explanations for the origin of the style, "William the Silent". Nevertheless, he formally gave his support on 3 May. The situation improved for the rebels when Don Requesens died unexpectedly in March 1576, and a large group of Spanish soldiers, not having received their salary in months, mutinied in November of that year and unleashed the "Spanish Fury" on Antwerp, sacking the city in what became a tremendous propaganda coup for the rebels. [26], According to a British historian of science Lisa Jardine, William was the first head of state to be assassinated by handgun. Philip William, William's eldest son by his first marriage, to Anna of Egmond, succeeded him as the Prince of Orange. Besides being sovereign over the principality of Orange and a Knight of the Golden Fleece, William possessed other estates, mostly enfeoffed to some other sovereign, either the King of France or the imperial Habsburgs. In 1581, when Gérard learned that Philip II had declared William an outlaw and promised a reward of 25,000 crowns for his assassination, he decided to travel to the Netherlands to kill William. Am 2. Op alle niveaus hebben we een uitdagende Sportklas. In 1573, William joined the Calvinist Church. Join Facebook to connect with Willem van Oranje and others you may know. Anna died after Willem renounced her and her own family imprisoned her in one of their castles. In his testament, René of Chalon named William the heir to all his estates and titles, including that of Prince of Orange, on the condition that he receive a Roman Catholic education. She was to be the mother of Frederick Henry (1584–1647), William's fourth legitimate son. In late 1566, and early 1567, it became clear that she would not be allowed to fulfil her promises, and when several minor rebellions failed, many Calvinists and Lutherans fled the country. A strong military leader, he won several victories over the Spanish. Willem II, principe di Orange, 1626-1650. Locatie Poortwijk Polderlaan 2 3261 ZA Oud-Beijerland The couple had a happy marriage and became the parents of three children together; their son Philip William would succeed William as prince. William was born on 24 April 1533 at Dillenburg castle then in the County of Nassau-Dillenburg, in the Holy Roman Empire (now in Hesse, Germany). However, after Don Juan took the city of Namur in 1577, the uprising spread throughout the entire Netherlands. In 1580, the Court of Holland ordered it sold. On 18 March, the Spaniard Juan de Jáuregui attempted to assassinate William in Antwerp. The second arms he used most of his life from the time he became Prince of Orange on the death of his cousin René of Châlon. In October 1568, William responded by leading a large army into Brabant, but Alba carefully avoided a decisive confrontation, expecting the army to fall apart quickly. Brought up as a Lutheran and later a Catholic, William was very religious but was still a proponent of freedom of religion for all people. This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 14:34. The provinces of Zeeland and Holland refused to recognise him as their sovereign, and William was widely criticised for what was called his "French politics". Sein Cousin und Erbe wurde der berü… 0186-634343 . Besides the Principality of Orange (located today in France) and significant lands in Germany, William also inherited vast estates in the Low Countries (present-day Netherlands and Belgium) from his cousin. Die ersten Spuren unseres königlichen Hauses finden wir in Breda. Im Jahre 1642 setzte Maria mit ihrer Mutter nach Holland über und begann ab 1644 als Sch… Karl V. macht die Zustimmung zur Erbfolge von Bedingungen abhängig: die Annahme des römisch-katholischen Glaubens und die Erziehung am Hof in Brüssel. Op de mavo staat internationalisering centraal. In March 1580 Philip issued a royal ban of outlawry against the Prince of Orange, promising a reward of 25,000 crowns to any man who would succeed in killing him. William was sent to the Netherlands to receive the required Roman Catholic education, first at the family's estate in Breda and later in Brussels, under the supervision of the Emperor's sister Mary of Hungary, governor of the Habsburg Netherlands (Seventeen Provinces). [10], On 25 August 1561, William of Orange married for the second time. On 10 July, he made an appointment with William of Orange in his home in Delft, the Prinsenhof. As holder of these fiefs, he was inter alia: William used two sets of arms in his lifetime. That day, William was having dinner with his guest Rombertus van Uylenburgh. So, Frederick Henry, Maurice's half-brother (and William's youngest son from his fourth marriage, to Louise de Coligny) inherited the title of Prince of Orange. Door deze gewapende strijd legt Willem de basis voor het land Nederland zoals we het nu kennen. Gérard returned in July, having bought two wheel-lock pistols on his return journey. Wilhelm I Frederik van Oranje - Nassau was born on month day 1772, at birth place, to Williem V Batarus van Oranje- Nassau and Friederike Sophie Wilhelmine van Oranje- Nassau (born von Preussen). She was to be the mother of Frederick Henry (1584–1647), William's fourth legitimate son and fifteenth legitimate child. In the 19th century the Netherlands became a constitutional monarchy, currently with King Willem-Alexander as head of state: he has cognatic descent from William of Orange. U kunt gebruikmaken van de kegelbaan van het hotel. William was opposed to this both for personal and political reasons. Williem was born on March 8 1748, in Den Haag Nederland. Willem 1626-1650 prins van Oranje II. On 1 April 1572 a group known as the Watergeuzen ("Sea Beggars") captured the city of Brielle, which had been left unattended by the Spanish garrison. Since then, most of the members of the House of Orange-Nassau, including all Dutch monarchs, have been buried in the same church. In 1574, William's armies won several minor battles, including several naval encounters. He owned the government of the two towns, and so could appoint their magistrates. Minutes of the States-General of 10 July 1584, quoted in J. W. Berkelbach van der Sprenkel. While William slowly recovered, Charlotte became exhausted from providing intensive care and died on 5 May. The citizens, who had been warned in time, ambushed Anjou and his troops as they entered the city on 18 January 1583, Willem de Zwijger, Vader des Vaderlands van Oranje, Prince of Orange, Count of Nassau, Count of Katzenelbogen, Vianden and Dietz, Baron of Breda, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht and Friesland, was born 24 April 1533 in Dillenburg, Hesse, Germany to Wilhelm von Nassau-Dillenburg (1487-1559) and Juliana zu Stolberg (1506-1580) and died 10 July 1584 in Delft, South … This was in 1555, when Charles sent him to Bayonne with an army of 20,000 to take the city in a siege from the French. Willem van Oranje is een senior tto-school. The rebel cities then called a meeting of the Staten Generaal (which they were technically unqualified to do), and reinstated William as the stadtholder of Holland and Zeeland. Arenberg was killed in the battle, as was William's brother Adolf. According to official records,[24] William's last words were:[25]. It is traditionally ascribed to Cardinal de Granvelle, who is said to have referred to William as "the silent one" sometime during the troubles of 1567. Anna van Egmond (1533-1558) Afkomst Rijke erfdochter. Alle kamers zijn goed toegankelijk voor rolstoelgebruikers en gemakkelijk bereikbaar met de lift. On 22 August 1571, his second wife Anna gave birth to a daughter, named Christina von Dietz, and fathered by Jan Rubens, best known as the father of painter Peter Paul Rubens; Jan Rubens had been sent by Anna's uncle in 1570 to manage her finances. Holland and Zeeland nevertheless maintained him as their stadtholder and attempted to declare him count of Holland and Zeeland, thus making him the official sovereign. After a successful Spanish attack on his army, William had to flee and he retreated to Enkhuizen, in Holland. [11] The couple had five children. He was appointed captain in the cavalry in 1551 and received rapid promotion thereafter, becoming commander of one of the Emperor's armies at the age of 22. William stood virtually alone on this issue and became politically isolated. In 1559, Philip II appointed William stadtholder (governor) of the provinces of Holland, Zeeland and Utrecht, thereby greatly increasing his political power. The King talked on thus to Orange in the full conviction that he was aware of the secret agreement recently made with the Duke of Alba for the extirpation of heresy. Je kunt daar in een muur nog altijd de kogelgaten van de moord op Willem van Oranje zien zitten. Gérard was caught before he could escape Delft, and was imprisoned. The most famous of such videos are. Calvinists (the major Protestant denomination), Anabaptists, and Mennonites, angered by Catholic oppression and theologically opposed to the Catholic use of images of saints (which in their eyes conflicted with the Second Commandment), destroyed statues in hundreds of churches and monasteries throughout the Netherlands. Wilhelm von Oranien wurde 1533 im deutschen Dillenburg geboren und erbte von seinem Cousin im Alter von elf Jahren das französische Fürstentum Orange sowie wichtige Güter in Holland. Het gekerm van de BMW Mevrouw uit Oranje deed ons bij een belletje rinkelen. One of the sons died in infancy and the other son, the famous Maurice of Nassau, who was to eventually succeed his father as stadtholder, never married. Locatie Zoomwijck Randweg 2 3263 RA Oud-Beijerland tel. William responded with his Apology, a document (in fact written by Villiers) in which his course of actions was defended, the person of the Spanish king viciously attacked,[22] and his own Protestant allegiance restated. [38], John Whitehead Historian, Oxford, Oriel College, weblog page about William I. Born into the House of Nassau, he became Prince of Orange in 1544 and is thereby the founder of the Orange-Nassau branch and the ancestor of the monarchy of the Netherlands. Taffin was later joined by Pierre Loyseleur de Villiers (1577–1584), who also became an important political advisor to the prince. William thus gained the titles Lord of Egmond and Count of Buren. In May 1584, he presented himself to William as a French nobleman, and gave him the seal of the Count of Mansfelt. Wilhelm II. Being a ward of Charles V and having received his education under the tutelage of the Emperor's sister Mary, William came under the particular attention of the imperial family, and became a favorite. Traditionally, members of the Nassau family were buried in Breda, but as that city was under royal control when William died, he was buried in the New Church in Delft. Juni 1879 in Paris) war Prinz von Oranien-Nassau und der Niederlande. William's father had one surviving daughter by his previous marriage, and his mother had four surviving children by her previous marriage. The first one shown below was his ancestral arms of Nassau. In spite of the renewed union, the Duke of Parma was successful in reconquering most of the southern part of the Netherlands. After William the Silent's murder, more than 200 years would pass until another head of state was assassinated with a firearm, when Gustav III, King of Sweden, was fatally wounded at a midnight masquerade in 1792.[27]. The Union of Utrecht would later become a de facto constitution, and would remain the only formal connection between the Dutch provinces until 1797. In Brussels, he was taught foreign languages and received a military and diplomatic education[4] under the direction of Champagney (Jérôme Perrenot), brother of Granvelle. Because he had agreed to remove the Spanish troops from the provinces under the Treaty of Arras, and because Philip II needed them elsewhere subsequently, the Duke of Parma was unable to advance any further until the end of 1581. He also raised an army, consisting mostly of German mercenaries, to fight Alba on land. The Scottish Regent Moray had been shot 13 years earlier, being the first recorded firearm assassination. He was a Prins Willem "de Zwijger" ("The Silent") van Oranje, Graaf van Nassau (Stadtholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands), Prince of Orange, Fürst von Oranien (1544 - 1584) Graf von Nassau, 1577 … Both the nickname and the accompanying anecdote are first found in a historical source from the early 17th century.[33]. Maurice was a heavy drinker and died on 23 April 1625 from liver disease. His parents were Willem I, Graf von Nassau-Dillenburg and Juliana, Gräfin zu Stolberg-Wernigerode. On 6 January 1579, several southern provinces, unhappy with William's radical following, signed the Treaty of Arras, in which they agreed to accept their Catholic governor, Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma (who had succeeded Don Juan). Although commonly accepted, his last words might have been modified for propaganda purposes. With her, "Father William," as he was affectionately styled, settled at the Prinsenhof at Delft, and lived like a simple Dutch burgher.[23]. in what is known as the "French Fury". As the chief financer and political and military leader of the early years of the Dutch revolt, William is considered a national hero in the Netherlands, even though he was born in Germany, and usually spoke French. It was a smaller version of the countship of Zeeland (and Holland) promised to William, and was a potent political base for his descendants. In den Niederlanden wird Wilhelm bis heute als „Vater des Vaterlandes“ verehrt. William allied with the French Huguenots, following the end of the second Religious War in France when they had troops to spare. In the middle of all this, William married for the fourth and final time on 12 April 1583 to Louise de Coligny, a widowed French Huguenot and daughter of Gaspard de Coligny. On 6 July 1551, the 18-year-old William married Anna van Egmond en Buren, aged 18 and the wealthy heiress to the lands of her father. Frederick Henry continued the battle against the Spanish. Het Prinsenhof in Delft is nu een museum. His parents had twelve children together, of whom William was the eldest; he had four younger brothers and seven younger sisters. (, "...our son Justin van Nassau" in letter from William of Orange to Diederik Sonoy dated 16 July 1582, facsimile at, Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba, Philips of Marnix, Lord of Saint-Aldegonde, Count Wilhelm Ludwig von Nassau-Dillenburg, Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, Frederick Casimir, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Landsberg, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The pistol as assassination weapon: A case of technological lag", "Father of His Fatherland, Founder of the United States of the Netherlands". Concurrently, rebel armies captured cities throughout the entire country, from Deventer to Mons. His conscience, said the King, would not be easy nor his realm secure until he could see it purged of the "accursed vermin," who would one day overthrow his government, under the cover of religion, if they were allowed to get the upper hand. In de zestiende eeuw is hij een belangrijke edelman en de leider van de opstand van de Nederlanden tegen Spanje. The song is named after the first word of the first line, "Justinus of Nassau is the son, probably born in September 1559, of the Prince and Eva Elinx, who, according to some, was the daughter of a mayor of Emmerich." William married for the fourth and final time on 12 April 1583 to Louise de Coligny, a French Huguenot and daughter of Gaspard de Coligny. He desired freedom of religion, and he also needed the support of the less radical Protestants and Catholics to reach his political goals. See Charles Vergeer, "De laatste woorden van prins Willem", William the Silent by Frederic Harrison pp. Anjou's position became untenable, and he subsequently left the country in June. They broke off their siege when nearby dykes were breached by the Dutch. In the Netherlands, William is known as the Vader des Vaderlands, "Father of the Fatherland", and the Dutch national anthem, the Wilhelmus,[34] was written in his honour. [15] On 23 May, the army under the command of Louis won the Battle of Heiligerlee in the northern province of Groningen against a Spanish army led by the stadtholder of the northern provinces, Jean de Ligne, Duke of Arenberg. The Awful End of William the Silent: The First Assassination of a Head of State with A Handgun. Wikipedia. In August of that year, Philip issued an order for carrying out the decrees of the anti-Protestant Council of Trent. [21] They had six daughters. Willem van Oranje-Nassau. Willem van Oranje school Zutphen, 6e klas 1974 17 likes. Phillip William died in Brussels on 20 February 1618 and was succeeded by his half-brother Maurice, the eldest son by William's second marriage, to Anna of Saxony, who became Prince of Orange. Consequently the revenue of his vast estates was not sufficient to prevent him being crippled by debt. [3] William's father acquiesced to this condition on behalf of his 11-year-old son, and this was the founding of the House of Orange-Nassau. A wealthy nobleman, William originally served the Habsburgs as a member of the court of Margaret of Parma, governor of the Spanish Netherlands. He was the eldest son of Count William I of Nassau-Dillenburg and Juliana of Stolberg. He appointed his cousin Johan Willem Friso (William's great-great-great-grandson) as his successor. Wilhelm Nikolaus Alexander Friedrich Karl Heinrich von Oranien-Nassau (niederländisch Willem Nicolaas Alexander Frederik Karel Hendrik, prins van Oranje, prins der Nederlanden, prins van Oranje-Nassau; * 4. Sein Name wurde in dem Lied Het Wilhelmus verewigt, das am 10. Mai 1641 heiratete er in der Königskapelle im Whitehall-Palast in London die Princess Royal Maria Henrietta Stuart (16311660), älteste Tochter des englischen Königs Karl I. Stuart und der Prinzessin Henrietta Maria von Frankreich. Vilhelm I av Oranien (nederländska: Willem van Oranje), även kallad Vilhelm den tyste (nederländska: Willem de Zwijger), född 24 april 1533 i Dillenburg, död 10 juli 1584 i Delft, var prins av Oranien och ståthållare i Nederländerna från 1572.. Vilhelm var en rik adelsman som först tjänade vid den spanske regentens hov. It shows how arms were used to represent political power in general, and the growing political power of William. Willem Frederyck, Prince van Oranjen% 1626-1650. Maurice had several sons by Margaretha van Mechelen, but he never married her. On 5 April, they offered a petition to Margaret of Parma, requesting an end to the persecution of Protestants. The marriage used Lutheran rites, and marked the beginning of a gradual change in his religious opinions, which was to lead William to revert to Lutheranism and eventually moderate Calvinism. Wikisource. It had been the property of Philip II since 1567, but had fallen into arrears to the province. Lacroix (1858), p. 89; Mees (1923), p. 50. 22–23. Anna died on 24 March 1558, aged 25, leaving William much grieved. Unhappy with the centralisation of political power away from the local estates and with the Spanish persecution of Dutch Protestants, William joined the Dutch uprising and turned against his former masters. Lastly, the opposition wished to see an end to the presence of Spanish troops. The Spanish then organised countermeasures, and sacked several rebel cities, sometimes massacring their inhabitants, such as in Mechelen or Zutphen. Willem van Oranje. The activity of the Inquisition in the Netherlands, directed by Cardinal Granvelle, prime minister to the new governor Margaret of Parma (1522–1583, natural half-sister to Philip II), increased opposition to Spanish rule among the then mostly Catholic population of the Netherlands. Charlotte's death was widely mourned. Still, he remained tolerant of other religious opinions. Jahrhundert für eine blühende Wirtschaft. The Spanish, led by Don Luis de Zúñiga y Requesens since Philip replaced Alba in 1573, also had their successes. The marriage, which seems to have been a love match on both sides, was happy. William the Silent. [18] Later that year, William had this marriage legally dissolved on the grounds that Anna was insane. It dates back to at least 1572, making it the national anthem with the oldest music. William was also dissatisfied with the increasing persecution of Protestants in the Netherlands. The magistrates decreed that the right hand of Gérard should be burned off with a red-hot iron, that his flesh should be torn from his bones with pincers in six different places, that he should be quartered and disembowelled alive, that his heart should be torn from his chest and flung in his face, and that, finally, his head should be cut off. As of 1549, the Low Countries, also known as the "Seventeen Provinces" comprised the present-day Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, and parts of northern France and Western Germany. Friedrich Georg Ludwig van Oranje-Nassau was born on month day 1792, at birth place, to Wilhelm Friedrich von Oranien- Nassau and Friederke Luise Wilhelmina von Oranien- Nassau (born von Hohenzollern, Prinzessin von Preußen, Königin der Niederlande). London: HarperCollins: 2005: Wedgwood, Cicely. However, he failed to achieve unity in matters of religion. Het liefdesleven van Willem van Oranje (1533-1584) was net zo vol en druk als de rest van zijn bestaan. Common ancestors of Willem van Oranje (1533-1584) and Anna von Sachsen (1544-1577), Namesakes of Willem van Oranje (1533-1584), Stadtholders of Holland, Zeeland and Utrecht, Burials in the Royal Crypt at Nieuwe Kerk, Delft, Wilhelm von Nassau-Dillenburg (1487-1559), Philipp Ernst von Hohenlohe-Neuenstein (1550-1606), Wilhelm Ludwig von Nassau-Dillenburg (1560-1620), Philipp Ludwig II.